A lot of men feel uncomfortable talking about periods and premenstrual symptoms. When we tried to question few men about what they knew about periods, their answers were, ‘I don’t know anything about it and that’s a woman’s issue’. We also heard, “women are frightening to be around while they’re on their period’.
It simply means that they have not been taught about periods. Probably, in biology class they would have learnt that the uterus lining gets thicker to prepare for a fertilized egg and if not, every 28 days the lining of the uterus releases and a woman bleeds. However, every person with a uterus will tell you it’s a little bit more complicated than that. You might ask why men need to know about periods, because this does not affect them directly, surely. However, knowing this will make relationships with their women better and more understanding. And that’s why it is important for men to know.
Menstrual cycles normally last between 21 and 35 days, with an average of 28 days. The general duration of bleeding can be from 2 and last upto 8 days. On an average women loses 25-35 millilitres of blood during their period which is about the size of a shot glass for a person on a 28 day cycle. But the case may vary for those whose cycle could last between 21-35 days and for somebody who just began menarche or who is on a pill, their cycle tends to be longer or shorter. During menstruation there is a series of physical and psychological changes in women, due to hormonal changes.
(PMS) Premenstrual symptoms are uncomfortable. So the top ones are cramps that affect women every single time when they are on their cycle. Followed by Acne, sore breasts, bloating and combination of any of those can be quite stressful. Remember that no two women's periods are alike. Periods tend to be as unique as each woman is.
Pain is a part of the period. Not everybody will feel pain but a lot of women, do feel pain, often debilitating ones, just before starting the cycle. Pain could be in the breasts and lower abdomen.
She can experience a series of cravings or excessive hunger due to the increase of oestrogens that regulate the concentration of neurotransmitters, substances that influence appetite, sleep and behaviour.
A woman having sex on her period can still make her pregnant. Sperm can live in the cervix and in the entrance to the uterus for a week, so even if the woman is in the end of her period that doesn’t mean she’s not fertile and won’t get pregnant. It is essential to know that there is a higher risk of infection from exposure to a sexually transmitted disease during unprotected sex.